Mexican National Cathedral
This cathedral called the “National Cathedral,” or “The Metropolitan Cathedral.” Its architecture is rich in Mexican art, history, and culture. The National Cathedral was one the site of an ancient Aztec precinct. The Cathedral was built between 1573 and 1813 after the Spanish conquest of Tenochtitlan and is considered one of Mexico City’s must see attractions.
Many visitors from different countries are very interested in the Mexican History or the architecture and one of the first thing they say that they have been to nearly all the great cathedrals of Spain, France, or Italy but The Metropolitan Cathedral is amazing in hundreds of different ways than the others.
The Cathedral include five naves and 16 chapels, a paintings by famous Mexican and Spanish artists,and an impressive organ. Inside the Cathedral the Altar of Forgiveness is entirely covered with gold leaves. The National Cathedral has been considered Mexican cultural identity.
Palace of Fine Arts is the most important cultural center in Mexico City. This is the greatest forum of art and culture in Mexico. Palace of Fine Arts building surprises Mexican and foreigners when they visit it. Its ostentatious architecture in which two styles come together in a harmonious and elegant fashion: The Art Nouveau of its exterior and the Art Deco of its interior.
The construction of the Palace of Fine Arts began in 1904 with a proposal by the Italian architect Adamo Boari. The construction of this building was stopped by the outbreak of the Mexican Revolution in 1910. Years later the construction of the building was finished by the Mexican architect Federico Mariscal, author of the Art Deco style in Mexico. He created one of the most outstanding Art Deco interior in the world. The interior walls were decorated with works by the most important Mexican muralists of the time, like Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros, Jose Clemente Orozco, Juan O’Gorman, and Rufino Tamayo.
The Palace of Fine Arts, a magnificent building opened in 1934. The main purpose of the building is closer to the public in variety of exhibitions about photography, painting, sculpture, architecture, and urbanism. This majestic building also offers guided tours, workshops, storytellers, and summer workshops.
Murals Inside Palace of Fine Arts
Diego Rivera (Man, Controller of the Siqueiros (Torment of Cuauhtemoc)
The term folklore is used to signify folk art, culture, traditions, and color. Folkloric dance is an important part of our cultural roots. It is a form of artistic expression. Besides Mexican folklore or folk dance has its origins in a pre-Hispanic era. During that time, it adopted two ritualistic representations: one for war and another for religions.
There are three important Mexican folkloric dance traditions:
DANZA: Danzas are indigenous dances generally religious and spiritual in nature. It kind of danza is mostly performed like a rituals.
MESTIZO: Mestizos are indigenous dances that show European influences in steps, themes, and instrumentation.
BAILES REGIONALES: Regional dances are the type with which most people are familiar. Those are knowing as folkloric ballets in the United States and in Mexico are regional dances.
Using this inherited quality of Mexican personality, these especial sense of interpretive dance with original movements and elegance of attitude the result of the show is of great artistic eminence.
Day of the Dead is a Mexican Holiday called Dia de los Muertos. It may sounds like the US Halloween celebration because Dia de los Muertos traditionally begins at midnight the night of October 31 and continues until November 2. Both celebrations are different in their attitudes about death. In a normal Halloween festivities, death is something to be frighten. But in El Dia de los Muertos, memories of those who had died is something to be celebrated.
Mexican people make any kind of skeletons, those are full of art and tradition. handcrafts put special care making it because their designs have their own artistic touch. Those are made of paper, ceramic, clay, sugar, and from bread too. During those celebrations people display artistic representations of skulls and skeletons making graveyards colorful.
Day of the Dead is a mixture of Native American traditions and a set of Catholic holidays. Those traditional celebrations are part of the Mexican culture specifically. But those had sprayed in areas of the United States with a large Mexican population living in. There are different forms of celebrate The Day of Dead, but tha most common customs is the making of detailed altars to welcome departed spirits home. Houses are decorated in bright colors and people cook the favorite foods of their dead. As a custom the altars contain photographs of your lovers dead and items representing the four elements: candles for fire, drinks for water, fruit for earth, and fluttering tissue-paper decorations for wind.
People spend most of the day in graveyards cleaning and decorating the grave of their dead, some times they make a ofrenda on the gravestones.
Mexican pottery has wonderful quality and beauty. It has many different styles, colors, and shapes also. Nowadays the pieces of art are very colorful and well made, but the ancient ones are full in history and are some of the most amazing pieces of art ever made.
Mexican pottery has many choices, such as the oldest pieces have been around the world for thousands of years. When you look at those, you can admire the well elaboration that they made. Our ancients were very authentic and original on every piece that they made. In each piece of art , they showed to us a story, something happened on that time, and the designs are the most distinctive on the world.
In the modern time of mexican pottery, there are many options. Some of the most beautiful and exquisite pieces are made in modern ages. Most of the artist still use traditional methods, but with a different style. Mexican pottery, there are not other pieces on the world like it. They show so much color, history, culture, craftsmanship, and quality.
Making rugs by hand is considered as art too. In Mexico there are places, in which to make rugs is the main economic activity and the most important source of work also. Weaving is done by both sexes in family workshops where artisans of all ages participate doing that job. Mexican rugs are known for its high quality wool and their native indigenous designs.
handcrafts are part of the Mexican artists. They have a special ability to make marvelous designs on the rugs. Each rug has the particular touch and motif of the artisan.
The product is an original piece of art that will last for generations. These historically designed and detailed rugs are created completely by hand and make a rug can take up 300 hours of work.
Frida Kahlo, was born in Mexico City in 1907. His father was a Hungarian Jewish descendent, he was born in Germany; her mother was Spanish and Native American. Frida’s life was with a series of physical problems. At the age of six, she got polio. It sickness left her with a limp. Besides in 1925, she suffered an accident on the which, she got serious injuries to her right leg and pelvis. In 1926, she painted her first self-portrait, it was the beginning as a painter. Frida began to work on a series of masterpieces describing the feminine quality, the reality, cruelty and suffering. In 1929, she married with Diego Rivera, a famous muralist from Mexico.
In 1953, Kahlo had her first solo exhibition in Mexico. It was the only that she had in her own lifetime. Most of her paintings consisted on her own reality, her self-portrait. Some of her famous painting are; Self-Portrait,in 1926, Self-Portrait With Monkey,in 1938, Two Fridas, in 1939, Roots, in 1943, Portrait Of Diego Rivera, in 1937. Frida Kahlo’s paintings represents another part of Mexican Art, because she contributed to expand the Mexican art with her famous paintings to another countries. In 1954,Frida Kahlo died in her sleep.